Research methodology for novelty technology

PC Lai


This paper contributes to the existing literature by reviewing the research methodology and the literature review with the focus on potential applications for the novelty technology of the single platform E-payment. These included, but were not restricted to the subjects, population, sample size requirement, data collection method and measurement of variables, pilot study and statistical techniques for data analysis. The reviews will shed some light and potential applications for future researchers, students and others to conceptualize, operationalize and analyze the underlying research methodology to assist in the development of their research methodology.


Research Methodology; Single Platform E-payment; Sample Size, Structural Equation Model, Data Analysis

Full Text:



Avison, D. E., & Fitzgerald. G. (1995). Information systems development: methodologies, techniques, and tools. London: McGraw-Hill.

Anastasi, A., & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological testing (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural Equation Modelling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103 (3), 411-423.

Axiata Annual Report (2011).

Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural Equation Modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic Concepts, Applications, and Programming. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2007). Business Research Method, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chan, S. C., & Lu T. M. (2004). Understanding Internet Banking Adoption and Use behaviour: A Hong Kong perspective. Journal of Global Information Management, 12, 3 12-43.

Churchill, G.A. (1979). A paradigm for developing better measures of marketing constructs. Journal of Marketing Research, 16, 64-73.

Cohen, P.N. (1998). Black concentration effects on black-white and gender inequality: Multilevel analysis for US metropolitan areas. Social Forces, 77(1), 207–229.

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2008). Business research methods (10th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Crotty, M. (1998) The Foundations of Social Research : Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process, London: Sage Publications.

Cox, E. P., (1980). The optimal number of response alternatives for a scale: A review. Journal of Marketing Research, 17, 407-422.

Davis, F. D. (1989) Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-340.

Davis, F. D., Bogozzi, R., P., & Warshaw, P., R. (1989). User acceptance of computer technology: A comparison of two theoretical models. Management Science, 35, 982-1003.

Digi Annual Report, 2011.

Emory, W C., & Cooper. D. R. (1991). Business Research Methods, 4th edition, Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin.

George, D. & Mallery, P. (2003). SPSS for Windows step by step: A simple guide and reference. 11.0 update (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Graziano, A. M., & Raulin, M. L. (2004). Research methods: A process of inquiry (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon

Hair, J. F., Wolfinbarger, M., Ortinau, D. & Bush, R. (2008). Essentials of Marketing Research. New York:McGraw Hill/Irwin.

Hair, J. F. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: a global perspective. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA: Person Prentice Hall.

Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B. Y. A., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55

Jarvenpaa, S. L., Tractinsky, N., & Vitale, M. (2000). Consumer trust in an internet store. Information Technology and Management, 1(1/2), 45-71.

Jöreskog, K. G. (1971) Simultaneous factor analysis in several populations, Psychometrika, 36, 409-26. ---- 1993, Testing structural equation models, In Byrne, B. M. (2006). Structural Equation Modeling with EQS: basic concepts, applications, and programming 2nd edn, Mahwah, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Kim, J. O., & Mueller, C. W., (1978). Introduction to factor analysis: What it is and how to do it. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage

Kline, R. B., (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Krejcie, R., and Morgan, D. W., (1970). “Determining Sample size for Research Activities”. Educational and Psychological Measure, 30, 607-610.

Lai P. C (2006). The significant of E-business and knowledge-based Customer Relationship in the E-market Place Environment. INTI Journal, 2 (1) 552-559.

Lai, P. C. (2007). The Chip Technology Management Implication in the Era of Globalization: Malaysian Consumers’ Perspective, Asia Pacific Business Review, 3(1), 91-96

Lai P. C. (2010). E-business and E-banking. Japan Society for Software Science and Technology, Itech research group.

Lai P. C. (2012). E-Payment Systems Services. E-payment Banking. GlobalCLAS

Lai, P. C. (2014). Factors influencing Consumers’ intention to use single platform E-payment. UNITEN

Lai P. C. & Ahmad, Z. A. (2015). Perceived Enjoyment and Malaysian consumers’ intention to use a single platform E-payment. SHS Web o f Conferences, 18, EDP Sciences

Lai P. C. & Zainal A. A., (2015). Consumers’ Intention to Use a Single Platform E-Payment System: A Study Among Malaysian Internet and Mobile Banking Users. Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce. (20) (1) 1-13

Lai P. C. & Zainal A.A, (2015). Perceived Risk as an Extension to TAM Model: Consumers’ Intention To Use A Single Platform E-Payment. Australia Journal Basic and Applied Science, 9(2): 323-330.

Lai, P. C. (2016) Design and Security impact on consumers’ intention to use single platform E-payment, Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, 22 (1), 111-122

Lai, P. C. (2017). The literature review of technology adoption models and theories for the novelty technology. Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, 14 (1), Jan/Apr., 21-38

Lai P C, Scheela, W, Convergence of technology in the E-commerce World and Venture Capital Landscape: South East Asia, Global Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation in the Sharing Economy. IGI-Global, 2018, 149-168

Lai, P. C. (2018), Single platform E-payment Consumers’ intention to use. Journal of Information Technology Management. 29 (2), 22-28

Lai, P. C. (2018), Security as an extension to TAM Model: Consumers' intention to use a single platform E-payment System. Asia Pacific Journal of Management Research and Innovation 13 (3-4), 110-119

Lai P C. (2018) Research, Innovation and Development Strategic Planning for Intellectual Property Management. Economic Alternatives 12 (3), 303-310

Laukkanen, T., & Lauronen, J. (2005). “Consumer value creation in mobile banking services”. International Journal of Mobile Communications, 3 (4), 325 – 338.

Leary, M. R. (2004). Introduction to behavioral research methods. Boston: Allyn & Bacon

Lin, J. and Hsieh, P., (2006). The role of technology readiness in customers' perception and adoption of self-service technologies, International Journal of Service Industry Management, 17, 497-517

Marczyk G., DeMatteo D., & Festinger D. (2005). Essentials of Research Design and Methodology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Malaysia, Bank Negara Financial Stability and Payment systems report 2007-2013.

Malaysia, The 2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia (Census 2010)

Malhotra, N. (2009). Marketing Research: An Applied Orientation with SPSS (6ed). Pearson Education.

Maran, M., Lawrence, A., M. Fazilah, A. S., M. Kishna, M., and Ng, K. K. (2011) ‘‘Cashless Society and the determinants: An empirical Investigation,’’ International Journal of Academic Research, 3(3), 674–682.

Maxis Annual report, 2011.

Maylor, H., & Blackmon, K. (2005). Researching Business and Management. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

McDonald, R. P., & Ho, M-H, R. (2002). Principles and Practice in Reporting Structural Equation Analyses. Psychological Methods, 7(1), 64-82.

Meyers, L. S., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. J. (2006). Applied multivariate research. Sage publications: London.

Meuter, M. L., Ostrom, A. L., Roundtree, R. I., & Bitner, M. J. (2000). Self-service technologies: Understanding customer satisfaction with technology-based service encounters. Journal of Marketing, 64(3), 50-65.

Miller, D. (1983). Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement, 4th ed. London: Longman.

Neuman, W. (2006). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (6th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Ndubisi, N.O. and Sinti, Q., (2006). Consumer attitudes, system’s characteristics and internet banking adoption in Malaysia. Management Research News, 29 (1/2), 16-27.

Oppenheim, A.N., (1992). Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurement. 2nd ed. London and New York: Continuum International Publishing.

Harrison, R., Scheele, W., Lai, P. C., Vivekarajah S, (2017). Beyond institutional voids and the middle-income trap: The emerging business angel market in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 1-27

Raykov, T., & Marcoulides, G. A. (2006). Estimation of Generalizability Coefficients via a Structural Equation Modeling Approach to Scale Reliability Evaluation, International Journal of Testing (6), 81-95.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2016). Research methods for business students. 7th Edition, Pearson Education Ltd.

Schumacher, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (1996). A Beginner’s Guide to Structural Equation Modeling. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers

Sekaran, U. (2003), Research Methods for Business. 4th ed. U. S. A.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc

Sekaran, U. & Bougie, R. (2013), Research Methods for Business: A Skill-Building Approach. 7th ed. U. S. A.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Szymanski, D.M., & Hise, R.T. (2000). E-satisfaction: An initial examination. Journal of Retailing, 76(3), 309–322.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics. Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Vogt, W. P. (2007). Quantitative research methods for professionals. Boston, MA: Pearson Education.

White, B. W., & Saltz, E. (1957). Measurement of reproducibility. Psychological Bulletin, 54, p. 81–99.

Wortley, D. J., Lai, P. C., (2017) The Impact of Disruptive Enabling Technologies on Creative Education, 3rd International Conference on Creative Education, Mar 3-4

Yin, R. (2002). Case Study Research, Design and Methods. (3rd ed), Newbury Park: Sage Publications.


Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management

Licensed under